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Kalamata - Panorama

Kalamata

Greece
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Sights in Kalamata

Kalamata - Municipal Railway Park Municipal Railway Park
"It is an open air museum, one of its kind. The museum was supposed to open its doors in 1986 but it was delayed by th..." read more »
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Kalamata - Historical centre of Kalamata Historical centre of Kalamata
"Kalamata was a very small city and houses were built around and very close to the city walls of the ancient acropolis..." read more »
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Kalamata - Benakeio Archaeological Museum Benakeio Archaeological Museum
"In the heart of the city of Kalamata, at the corner of Benaki and Papazoglou streets you will find Benakeio Archaeolo..." read more »
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Kalamata - Historical and Folklore Museum of Kalamata Historical and Folklore Museum of Kalamata
"In the city centre you can find the Folklore museum of Kalamata. The building was donated by Kyriakou to the Municipa..." read more »
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Kalamata - Cathedral of Presentation of Mary Cathedral of Presentation of Mary
"In the historical centre and right underneath the Frankish castle, on the square with the same name, you will find th..." read more »
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Kalamata - Frankish Castle Frankish Castle
"The trademark of the city is the castle, built by the House of Villehardouin, the family who founded the Principality..." read more »
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Kalamata - Monastery of Nuns Monastery of Nuns
"You can find it in the historical centre of the city, very close to the Cathedral of the city. It was founded in 1796..." read more »
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Kalamata - Public Library of Kalamata Public Library of Kalamata
"It is in the city centre, in the building of the Municipal Cultural Centre. It was founded in 1933 as a result of the..." read more »
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Kalamata - Art Gallery of Kalamata Art Gallery of Kalamata
"The Art Gallery of Greek Art of Kalamata was founded in 1962. You can find it in the building of the Municipal Cultur..." read more »
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Free Guidebook «Kalamata»
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Informations
Population: 95.855
Description: At the shadow of mountain Taygetos and the estuary of river Nedonta, rises the second largest city in the Peloponnese, Kalamata. Its beauty is due both to the waterfront, and in the old town, a reminiscent of its long history. The city's history begins in ancient times, where Homer mentions "Fares" and locates the point where today is the city's medieval castle. Although it has been theorized that during Homer's era the sea covered throughout the city, but findings of the Archaic period, showed the opposite. In ancient times, during the Spartan sovereignty and the Roman empire, Kalamata was a city with no particular importance. In the early years of Christianity. during the Byzantine period, the city acquired its present name, allegedly due to paraphrase the name of the monastery of Panagia Kalomatis. This is the time when the city begins to grow in population from the surrounding villages, because of raids receiving area by Avaroslavs and transformed the city to a fortress. After the Fourth Crusade (1204 AD), it was conquered by the Franks and rebuilt the ruined castle. In 1293 was occupied by the rebels (Greeks and Slavs), the name of the Emperor Andronicus II Palaeologus, and after successive conquests of the Greeks, Franks, Venetians, Ottoman Turks and, finally returned to the Ottomans in 1715. Milestones in the History of Kalamata is the liberation from the Turks on 23 March 1821, attended by General Kolokotronis, Nikitaras, Petrobeis Mauromichalis and Papaflessas (heroes of Greek revolution) who celebrated in the Church of the Apostles, a small 10th century church that survives till today. In the late 19th century, city built the port which was the axis of development until today. The most important historical event of the recent history of Kalamata are the two earthquakes that struck the city in 1986 and caused extensive damage and casualties. Nevertheless, the city very quickly reorganized and gained its current appearance. Kalamata is now more accessible than ever, since the upgraded highway, the journey has been reduced to 2.5 hours drive from Athens, while access to the city can be done by air from Athens and Thessaloniki, or ferry from Crete.

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