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Cythera

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Sights in Cythera

Cythera - Chora of Kythera Chora of Kythera
"Built on a hill at the southern part of the island, the capital of Kythera, Chora and its Venetian castle are the mos..." read more »
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Cythera - Kapsali Kapsali
"The haven of Chora of Kythera is the most cosmopolitan place of the island and gathers the majority of the tourists. ..." read more »
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Cythera - Castle City of Palaiochora Castle City of Palaiochora
Ruins of the old city
"The ruins of the Old City (Palaiochora) are maybe the most important sight of the island, as it was the capital of th..." read more »
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Cythera - Mylopotamos Kythera Mylopotamos Kythera
"Mylopotamos is the most traditional village of Kythera, with a variety of legends and local traditions that come toge..." read more »
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Cythera - Churches and Monasteries in Kythera Churches and Monasteries in Kythera
"Patroness of Kythera is Virgin Mary Myrtidiotissa and the monastery is located on the west side of the island. The na..." read more »
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Cythera - Beaches of Kythera Beaches of Kythera
"Kythera has some of the best beaches in Mediterranean sea and it is very difficult to pick the most beautiful. Kaladi..." read more »
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Cythera - Towers and Castles of Kythera Towers and Castles of Kythera
"All over the island you can see medieval castles that show the long history of the island as well as the conquers and..." read more »
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Informations
Population: 3.398
Airport(s): Kithira Island National (KIT)
Description: According to Hesiod's Theogony, Aphrodite was born in the foams of the Kythera sea, when they fell into it the genitals of Uranus when cut by Saturn. The waves swept away, according to legend, the goddess and she arrived in Paphos of Cyprus into a shell. This myth symbolizes the effort of the ancients to explain the emergence of the island from the sea, which has been proved by paleontological discoveries of marine life in many areas of Kythira. In antiquity, the island was used by the Minoans as a midway station for trips to the West, founding settlements and sanctuaries. In the years that followed, it was occupied by the Mycenaeans and then it become a matter of disputation between the Athenians and Spartans. It later fell under the Macedonians and a while and then to the Romans. During the Byzantine era it began the systematic occupation of the island and there is a strong religious activity, which established more than 300 temples. There is even a local legend says that in Paleochora there were 365 churches, one for each day of the year. After the fall of the Byzantine Empire by the Crusaders in 1204, Kythira came under Venetian rule following the same fate as the other Ionian Islands. In 1537 it was ravaged by the atrocious pirate Barbarossa, however it was repopulated in the 17th century. Then successively passed from the possession of the French and English and united with Greece in 1864, along with the other Ionian Islands. Large part in modern history of the island, is the great migration that began in the 18th century and intensified in the 19th, bound mainly to Smyrna in Asia Minor (coast of Turkey), and after the Asia Minor Catastrophe, migrants turned towards major Greek cities and Egypt. In the early 20th century marked the second wave of immigration with main destinations the US, Australia, and Latin America. The wild beauty of the island, makes it nowadays an alternative destination, unaffected by mass tourism and a guarantee for a quiet relaxing holiday. Numerous caves, pristine beaches, quaint villages and medieval castles, is what the visitor will encounter during a trip here. The symbolism of Kythera, as a distant and imaginary place, inspired the painter of the 18th century, Jean-Antoine Watteau's painting "The Embarkation for Cythera" and the internationally acclaimed Greek director Theo Angelopoulos in the film "Voyage to Cythera", which is the parallelism of Kythera and Ithaca. Access to Cythera is easy, as connected with Piraeus, Kastelli, Crete, Kalamata, and with Githeio and Neapolis from nearest coast of Laconia in Peloponnese. The island has an airport, where flights from and to the airport of Athens all year.

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