The erection of the museum started in 1976 and after a break in 1984, it was finalized in 1987. During the building process, the workers found the tomb of the Spartan general Vrasidas that was carved in the rock and dated between the end of the 5th and the beginning of the 4th century. The findings of this tomb and many other exhibits of the broader region aim to compose a picture of the region's ancient past.
The excavations carried out by D.Lazarides in 1956, unearthed many remarkable findings related to the ancient city. All those exhibits like coins, inscriptions, and other rare discoveries can be also admired by a potential visitor in the Archaeological Museum of Amphipolis.
The displayed exhibition reveals a city continuity starting from its foundation in 437 BC by the Athenians who were intending to get control of the mines of Thrace until its decline during the Early Christian and Byzantine years.
The most recent excavations that took place between 2012 and 2014 at the "Kasta Tomb" revealed as well a series of impressive artifacts some of which are hosted in the museum. The public debate was full of rumors that this could be a potential burial place for Alexander the Great, but the archaeologists argued that it was a monument built with an order of Alexander the Great for his friend Hephaestion.