Petralona Cave is located almost one kilometer south of the village of Petralona and 50 kilometers southeast of Thessaloniki. This specific area is considered the west foothills of mountain Katsika, 300 meters above sea level.
The cave was discovered in 1959 by Philip Chatzarides, while one year later Cristos Sarigiannides discovered the skull of the Prehistoric man who used to live in the cave. The skull was studied carefully by scientists, and the research proved that was 700.000 years old, a fact that made this person one of the oldest Europeans.
Amongst the findings, there are fossils from animals such as lions, hyenas, bears, panthers, elephants, rhinos, and megaceros (gigantic deer). The excavations revealed also remnants of bison, several different species of deer and horses, 25 species of birds, 17 species of bats as well as 16 species of rodents. The visitors have also the opportunity to see the stalactites and stalagmites, while everyone is entering the cave with a professional guide.