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Kalymnos - Panorama of Pothia

Kalymnos

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Sights in Kalymnos

Kalymnos - Pserimos Pserimos
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Kalymnos - Navy - Folklore Museum of Kalymnos Navy - Folklore Museum of Kalymnos
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Kalymnos - Archaeological Museum of Kalymnos Archaeological Museum of Kalymnos
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Kalymnos - Climbing on Kalymnos Climbing on Kalymnos
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Kalymnos - Sanctuary of Delian Apollo at Kalymnos Sanctuary of Delian Apollo at Kalymnos
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Kalymnos - Museum of Marine Findings Museum of Marine Findings
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Kalymnos - Castle in Chora of Kalymnos Castle in Chora of Kalymnos
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Kalymnos - Pothia Pothia
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Kalymnos - Beaches of Kalymnos Beaches of Kalymnos
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Kalymnos - Damos Damos
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Free Guidebook «Kalymnos»
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Informations
Population: 16.441
Airport(s): Kalymnos Island National (JKL)
Description: This island is located in the southeastern Aegean Sea, between Kos, Leros and Asia Minor. It is the fourth largest island in the Dodecanese. Its surface area is 109.67 square kilometers and a coastline reaches 96 km The population is 20,237 and most live in the island's capital, Chora. Kalymnos-montane hilly. The presence of numerous and deep ravines and mountains is strong across the surface of the island. The original name of the island was Kalydna. Protector of the island was sacred to Apollo to a political and religious center of the island throughout antiquity to the early Christian centuries. During the Byzantine Empire in Kalymnos many temples were built on the ruins of old ancient temples. Kalymnos known many conquerors at the end of history. Those who left their mark on the island, both in physiognomy and culture of the residents are the Venetians occupied the island from 1257 to 1277 AD, the Genoese and the Knights of St. John who ruled the island from 1306 to 1522 where Kalymnos was occupied by the Turks. The Turkish presence in Kalymnos is relaxed during the Ottoman period. Since the early 18th century begins gradually built the village is at the foot of the Castle of Chora. Around 1850 organized port Pothia, the new capital of the island. In 1912 Kalymnos enters the Italian occupation, which lasts until 1943. In the early 1930s built two large buildings, the Courthouse and City Hall. During the period 1943 - 1945 the island is occupied by the Germans. After the second World War is incorporated, along with the other islands of the Dodecanese, officially and definitively the limits of Greek rule on March 7, 1948. The modern history of Kalymnos was associated particularly with the fishing, processing and trade of sponge. In fact after the 2nd World War Kalymnos remains the only Greek spongalieftiki strength with exports to Greece and abroad, so that is until today known as the Island of the Sponge.

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